Horticulture Types you need to know

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Horticulture is the art and science of garden cultivation. But what are the types of Horticulture? In this article, I will explain in detail all the Horticulture Types.

Whether you want to make a career, or you simply enjoy gardening, you should know the Horticulture types. So, let’s dive right in!

Horticulture includes many types based on the kind of plants grown. Moreover, horticulture types also vary by the growing methods and how the plants are used.

In a nutshell, the horticulture types are:

  • Landscape Horticulture
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • Therapeutic Horticulture
  • Medicinal and Aromatic Horticulture
  • Pomology
  • Olericulture
  • Floriculture
  • Viticulture
  • Herbs and Spices
Horticulture types you need to know

Generally, plants usually require very much similar care needs. But sometimes particular plants will need slightly varying attention and care than others.

When you see the bigger picture, Horticulture types are split based on crop types and plant use. And this split makes it easier to study. 

Let’s take a deeper look into each of the categories.


Landscape Horticulture

As the name says, Landscape horticulture is all about Landscape design and maintenance. The most popular landscape plants include grass, shrubs, vines and nursery plants.

Landscape Horticulture consists of two major elements:

  1. Softscape elements are the living elements like plants, grass, shrubs and trees
  2. Hardscape elements make up the non-living elements like patios, ornaments, water fountains, ponds, stonework and bridges

Every element has a special purpose. And this helps to pull off the desired aesthetics and ambience. Choosing the right plants for your garden is vital for a sustainable landscape design.

Landscape horticulture

Indeed, Landscape Horticulture takes art and science to the next level. That’s why it demands in-depth knowledge of the principles and elements of landscape design.

Generally, landscaping is done in two phases:

  1. Planning and Design
  2. Construction and Maintenance

While planning your landscape, there’s a wide range of options to create beautiful outdoor spaces. Read my article on Landscape Horticulture for a complete how to guide.


Let your creativity take over as you focus on your garden landscape. After all, your goal is to create a backyard retreat to dissolve the day’s stress. Make your own combination of colours, textures and fragrances of nature to design the garden of your dreams!

Usually, landscape construction demands the following:

  • Ability to interpret architect’s drawings
  • Cost estimation
  • Horticulture skills
  • Construction skills
  • Irrigation and drainage
  • Electricity for garden equipment

Whether you’re an expert or a beginner, Growing Kits are the perfect solution for your garden. My favorites are the Growing Kits from Garden Republic.

Ornamental Horticulture

Ornamental Horticulture is the art of growing and maintaining decorative plants and flowers. A vibrant and lively garden reflects everything about the owner’s lifestyle and creativity.

What’s more, it can help you make a bold statement by adding extra colour to your garden. Naturally, it provides aesthetic value to green spaces.

In a nutshell, ornamental gardens focus on plants for their pleasing appearance rather than to produce fruits and vegetables. It is easy to grow ornamental plants at home.

Ornamental Horticulture

An ornamental garden design includes a wide variety of plants from flowers and bulbs to foliage plants, grasses, shrubs and trees.

That’s why it’s all about activities like growing plants, creating flower arrangements and landscape design. Ornamental gardening can spark your creativity. Especially by planting from an artistic point of view.

Usually, such gardens feature aesthetic elements like flowers, leaves, foliage, stems, fragrance and textures. Moreover, even the most unnoticed traits like the thorns on rose plants can be interesting.


Ornamental plants like shrubs, perennials, annuals, flowers and bulbs need special attention and care. Mostly when you plan to keep topiary plants. Because such plants need regular pruning.

Besides, ornamental plants can also be functional. For instance, flowers like roses and lavender are used to make perfume or essential oils.

Speaking of essential oils, check out this kit from Lagunamoon on Amazon:

Hence, they have a wide range of uses besides their aesthetic value.

Read my article ‘What is Ornamental Horticulture?’ for more details.

Therapeutic Horticulture

Nature has amazing healing benefits for the mind, body and soul. Just being surrounded by nature improves your physical and mental well-being. Essentially, this is the concept of Therapeutic Horticulture.

In a nutshell, engaging in gardening activities is good therapy. Especially by working with plants, soil and other healing elements of nature.

Besides, all the planting, digging, watering and pruning is a good workout! Moreover, research shows that spending time in a garden enhances mood. Because nature gives you a distraction from stress and negative thoughts.

Often, therapeutic horticulture is used in many settings. Such as healthcare facilities, clinics and therapy centres. Usually, such facilities have professional therapy programs for patients.

Therapeutic Horticulture

However, it doesn’t always have to be for people suffering from mental illnesses or physical disability. For example, it can be a fun, social activity with family and friends. Moreover, it’s a great way to interact with the society.

What’s more, it is a great activity for people of all ages. Not just the elderly. In fact, it’s great for kids too! There are a wide range of passive or active plant-related activities involved.

Above all, the benefits include improved memory, confidence, self-esteem and hand coordination. Besides, it also helps people with physical disabilities develop fine motor skills.

Truly, nature has amazing healing powers. And there’s no better way to connect with nature.

With that said, check out my article on Therapeutic Horticulture.


Medicinal and Aromatic Horticulture

Medicinal and Aromatic plants play a huge role in healthcare. Especially for improving mood and well-being.

If you want to add some medicinal plants to your garden, I suggest you read this article. On the other hand, aromatic plants like mint and rosemary are used for their aroma.

Generally, these plants need very little space and can be grown indoors. Even indirect sunlight is enough for them to grow. However, be careful while keeping them too close to a window. They may get burnt by direct sunlight.

To avoid such problems, consider getting an indoor garden with special LED lights and hydroponic irrigation. It is a good investment to ensure that your plants get the right amount of nutrients and light. You can purchase some of the best indoor gardens from Click and Grow. I personally recommend The Smart Garden 9:

Pomology

Pomology is the science of growing fruits. This horticulture type focuses on growth and care of all kinds of fruits. Including berries and a wide range of nuts.

Keep in mind that fruit trees need special care. With that said, their needs vary with the plant. Over the years, pomologists have improved growth and care methods. As well as the fruit and nut varieties.

Pomology as a horticulture type

Some of the most popular fruits include:

  • Banana
  • Apple
  • Grapes
  • Watermelon
  • Berries
  • Peach
  • Figs

Pomology is the study of improving quality, yield and disease resistance of fruit trees. Including fertilizing, watering, pruning and other tasks. Because these tasks improve growth. What’s more, it also involves the study of pests, diseases and harsh climate that affects the crops.

Pomologists are always trying to find new fruit and nut varieties. As well as discovering sustainable crops that are eco-friendly.


Olericulture

Olericulture is the science behind growing vegetables. It focuses on all kinds of vegetables. Usually, vegetables are non-woody annuals. Although some perennials like rhubarb are also vegetables.

Generally, it includes the production, storage, processing, and marketing of vegetables. The efforts to harvest and market them is a crucial part of the science. And so is soil, nutrients, fertilizer and water.

Olericulture as a horticulture type

Here are some of the most widely grown vegetables:

  • Potato
  • Tomato
  • Peppers
  • Onion
  • Cucumber
  • Lettuce
  • Corn
  • Carrot

Growing your own vegetables is super convenient and rewarding. Generally, vegetables are grown all the way from seeds. And this makes them more practical.

Check out some of the most cost-effective vegetables to grow in your garden.


Floriculture

Floriculture is all about growing and caring for flowers and ornamental plants. Usually, these plants are used in landscaping, gardening or indoors. As a result, this makes any space come alive.

In general, floriculture involves a wide range of cut flowers, foliage, pot plants, seeds and bulbs. After all, the sight and smell of colourful flowers is a feast for the eye.

Floriculture as Horticulture type

Some of the most popular flowers and ornamental plants include:

  • Lily
  • Daisy
  • Rose
  • Gardenia
  • Orchid
  • Sunflower
  • Tulip
  • Dahlia

Speaking of ornamental plants, check out these beautiful bonsai trees on Amazon.

While growing from the seed is the most cost-effective way, it takes much longer. So, buying semi-grown blooms and plants gives you a head-start.


Viticulture

Viticulture is the art and science of growing grapes. Usually for making wine. Generally, the focus is on growth and production. Notably, Grapes are rich in antioxidants.

Winemaking has been around for millennia. With records dating back to as early as 7000 years ago. In fact, some winemakers still use the traditional ways today!

Viticulture as a horticulture type

With proper care, grape vines can produce fruit with ease for years to come. Besides, grapes are a great way to give a dramatic touch to your garden. Learn more about growing grapes here.

Over the years, Viticulture has seen huge growth in production and value. Today, it’s a multibillion-dollar industry.

And all this growth is due to the huge increase in demand. As well as the innovation and technology evolution.


Herbs and Spices

Lastly, herbs and spices make up another one of the Horticulture types.

Just like grapes, people have used them for centuries. Mostly due to its culinary and healing features. To this day, herbs and spices are popular in cooking, medicine and remedies.

And they remain popular because of their amazing flavours, aromas and healing qualities

herbs and spices in horticulture

While many people think that herbs are the seasonings we use in the kitchen. Its much more than just basil, rosemary, thyme and oregano. Naturally, an herb is any useful part of a plant.

For example, leaves, stems, flowers, roots or seeds of a plant can be used as an herb. So, its much more than flavour, aroma, dye or medicine. Often, gardeners grow them just for the looks. 

Speaking of herbs, check out this Herb Garden Starter Kit from Garden Republic. This is all you need to start growing herbs in your garden.

The most popular spices like paprika, mustard, cumin, black pepper, and cinnamon are easy to grow. Even if you don’t have much space, you can grow them in a container.

Often, many people confuse between spices and herbs. The seasonings that come from the leaves are herbs. And the seasonings from any other part of the plant are spices. Check out some spices you can grow at home.


Final Thoughts

Horticulture types vary by the kind of plants grown as well as the growing methods. Each type makes a different use of the plants grown.

To summarize, the horticulture types include:

I hope you enjoyed this article. What Horticulture types did you like the most? Let me know in the comments below.

Also, don’t forget to share this article with friends and family.


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