7 Branches of Horticulture you need to know

Not sure which Horticulture branch is good for your garden? In this post, I will help you select the best combination of Horticulture branches based on your interests and needs. All the details you need to know about the Branches of Horticulture are right here. So let’s get started.

Horticulture plants usually require very much similar care needs. But sometimes particular plants will need slightly varying attention and care than others.

Horticulture consists of several different branches based on the kind of plants produced, the cultivation methods involved and how they are used. Let’s take a deeper look into each of the categories.


Pomology

If you love to eat delicious fruits and nuts, then Pomology may allure you. This branch of horticulture involves the production and cultivation of fruit and nut crops. Whether it is an orange tree in the garden or a complete orchard, Pomology includes everything from fruits, berries and a wide variety of nuts. Pomologists are always on the lookout for new fruit and nut varieties and sustainable crops with minimal impact on the environment.

Pomology is a popular branch of Horticulture

Olericulture

All kinds of vegetables fall under this branch of Horticulture. Growing your own vegetables can never be more convenient and rewarding. Olericulture deals with a wide variety of herbaceous plants like carrots, lettuce, tomatoes, onions, cabbage, beans, melons and much more. Olericulturists generally cultivate the vegetables all the way from seeds. Check out some of the most cost-effective vegetables to grow in your garden.

Olericulture is another branch of horticulture

Floriculture

If you love the sight and smell of vibrant flowers blooming in the garden, then Floriculture is for you. Floriculture involves flowers and ornamental plants used for landscaping and decorative purposes. These plants make gardens more attractive and vibrant.


Floriculture involves a wide variety of cut flowers, foliage, pot plants, seeds and bulbs. Landscapers often use these flowers and ornamental trees while designing gardens to make them as vibrant as possible. The most affordable way to grow flowers is through seeds. Alternatively, you could purchase blooms to give your garden a head-start.

Floriculture is the branch of horticulture dealing with flowers

Landscape Horticulture

Have you ever walked into a beautiful park and wondered who developed and maintains them? You’ve guessed it, Landscape horticulturists design and take care of these delightful landscapes everywhere. The most common plants used for Landscape horticulture includes grassshrubsvines and nursery plants.

There are many options to consider while planning your garden landscape to create outdoor spaces for relaxing and entertainment. Let your creativity take over as you focus on your garden landscape and create a backyard retreat to dissolve the day’s stress. Make your own combination of colours, textures and fragrances of nature to design the garden of your dreams!

I have written more on this topic in my Landscape Horticulture article. Make sure to check it out.

Whether you’re a keen planter or a complete newbie, these Growing Kits are the perfect solution for your garden.

Landscape horticulture

Although we have seen the major branches of Horticulture, there are some unique branches which are often overlooked. Let’s explore them.


Viticulture

Viticulture is a great way to add some ornamental drama to your garden that doubles as a fruit. This branch of Horticulture specializes in growing grapes which are mostly used for making wine. With a little investment and proper care, grape vines can produce fruit with ease for years to come. Learn more about growing grapes here.

Viticulture is all about grapes

Coffee and Spices

There’s no better way to start the day than with freshly brewed coffee from the beans you grew in your garden. Coffee plants are easy to maintain, and seedlings are readily available. Although there are many varieties of coffee, the two main coffee beans are Arabica and Robusta. Learn more on how to grow coffee plants here.

The most common spices like paprikamustard, cumin, black pepper, and cinnamon can be easily cultivated in your garden. Even if you live in a small apartment you can grow spices in a container. Many people confuse between spices and herbs. The seasonings that come from the leaves are herbs and the seasonings from any other part of the plant are spices. Check out some spices you can grow at home.

Coffee and Spices are a separate branch of horticulture

Medicinal and Aromatic Horticulture

Medicinal plants are used for medical treatment and as a remedy to our physical and mental well-being. If you want to add some medicinal plants to your garden, this article will help you. On the other hand, some plants like mint and rosemary are used for their aroma. This Herb Garden Starter Kit from Garden Republic is all you need to start your own herbal garden.

Medicinal and Aromatic Horticulture

These plants can be easily grown indoors even with indirect sunlight and require very little space. However, if you place them too close to a window, they may get burnt by direct sunlight. An indoor garden with specialized LED lights and hydroponic irrigation is a good investment to ensure that your plants get the right amount of nutrients and light. You can purchase some of the best indoor gardens from Click and Grow. I personally recommend The Smart Garden 9.


Postharvest

The activities done after harvest are equally as important as plant growth and care. The crops start losing their nutritional value as soon as they are harvested. Keeping the produce cool to preserve freshness is essential. No wonder the initial post-harvest storage condition is the most critical to maintain the quality of the produce. The produce can also be used to make delicious jams, preserves and pickles to prolong their shelf-life.

Postharvest includes preserves of fruits

What type of Horticulture Plants are right for you?

I hope you have chosen a branch already and are ready to get your hands dirty. But wait, a Horticulturist’s activity doesn’t end here. They also take care of the fertilization and study pests, diseases and weather conditions that may influence the yield. Many plants are beneficial for their surrounding plants by providing shade and increasing nutritional content of soil. Proper planning of your garden is vital by considering the size of your garden.

However, if you don’t have enough space for fully grown trees, you could control the growth of the woody part of the plants by pruning and tying the branches to a frame like structure such as a trellis or fence and even plants shaped like a frame.

Vertical container gardening

Espaliers are also useful for growing fruit plants in a tight space but they require lots of time and maintenance. This ancient practice of growing fruit plants dates back to the Roman and Egyptian eras. You can achieve almost any plant shape with this technique by selective pruning and training.

Vertical garden with containers is also a very popular gardening technique. Choosing productive plants that take up very little space is essential. They also boost plant growth by giving them more sunlight, better air circulation and protection from pests. It’s comparatively easier to water and harvest produce from vertical gardens.

Now that you know the different branches of Horticulture, it’s time to get your hands dirty!


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