All over the world, there are areas where horticulture is practised intensively.
With the help of technology and innovation, horticulture has seen tremendous growth. As a result, a wide variety of plants can be grown in areas where they don’t usually grow.
The most popular areas where horticulture is practised include:
- United Kingdom
- United States
- New Zealand
Since the industry has an important economic role, many countries are taking steps to support it. For example, horticulture is a major part of the Netherlands’ economy. In fact, it’s the top exporter of flowers in the world.
What’s more, the rising consumer demand worldwide has created a huge opportunity for everyone in the industry. Hence, many growers have started production of high-value horticulture crops.
Essentially, this article is an unranked list of areas where Horticulture is practised extensively.
So, let’s dive right in!
With over 120 varieties of fruits and vegetables grown all over the country. The horticulture industry is very diverse in Canada.
Greenhouses are a major contributor to the industry. In fact, they account for over 42% of all fresh produce. What’s more, sales of greenhouse produce have been increasing consistently for over six years!
Indeed, Canadians are blessed with high quality horticulture produce in abundance. Besides large-scale commercial production, you will also find them growing in their backyard or garden.
Here are some quick facts of Canada’s horticulture industry:
- Canada has over 15000 horticulture farms
- And it has over 8000 fruit farms
- Vegetable and fruit farms make more than $6 billion worth of produce
- Whereas, greenhouses make over $1.6 billion worth of produce
- Moreover, greenhouse production increased by 5% since last year
- The top greenhouse vegetable is tomato
- While the number one fruit is blueberry
Moreover, Canada has the most favourable conditions for growing food crops. So much that it exceeds their own needs many times over!
That’s why Canada’s horticulture sector mostly focuses on exports. As a matter of fact, it is the fifth largest exporter of food crops in the world.
To be precise, Canada exports agri-food products worth $56 billion a year. And its almost half of their total produce. (Source: http://cafta.org/agri-food-exports/)
Reports show that the UK’s horticulture industry had a total GDP footprint of £24.2 billion in 2017. What’s more, the industry supports more than half a million jobs. And this is roughly 1.5 percent of the UK’s total employment.
The highlights of the UK’s horticulture industry are:
- Ornamental plants had a production value of £1.35 billion last year
- In 2017, Parks and gardens contributed £2.9 billion to tourism
- Besides its economic value, it helps improve health and well-being of citizens
- Vegetation enhances the air quality with an economic value of £1.1 billion
However, the industry does not get the support or fiscal incentives that it deserves. In other words, the industry is largely ignored and is rarely promoted as a valued career path.
This is evident in consumer spending as well. For example, the trend of homes without private gardens is on the rise. Back in the 90s, this was not the case. Even though green spaces increase curb appeal and the property’s value.
As a result, people are spending lesser on horticulture products and services. If these trends continue, the industry takes a hit.
Despite of this, horticulture plays a huge role in the economic and environmental benefits to the country. Especially for people’s well-being and local wildlife.
With Brexit, the industry needs more support to continue growing. Even though councils face an average 40% cut to green spaces budgets.
The latest horticulture report from USDA shows
- Horticulture operations in the US increased by 8%
- The industry sold a total of $13.8 billion in floriculture, nursery and specialty crops in 2014
- Individual and family owned businesses make the most operations accounting to 53%
- Corporate businesses made $10.5 billion in sales accounting for 76% of the total
- Labour accounts for 37% of total industry expenses
Another interesting fact is that Horticulture is the most popular in 10 states. In turn, this accounts for 65% of all sales. According to the report, the major areas where horticulture is practised include:
- California – $2.88 billion
- Florida – $1.8 billion
- Oregon – $932 million
Whereas, the most popular produce and their sales were:
- Nursery stock – $4.27 billion
- Annual bedding/garden plants – $2.57 billion
- Sod, sprigs and plugs – $1.14 billion
- Potted flowering plants – $1.08 billion
- Potted herbaceous perennials – $945 million
- Food crops under protection – $797 million
Primarily, Australia’s horticulture industry comprises fruit, vegetables, nuts, turf, flowers and nursery products. Even though growing is mostly seasonal, the industry is labour intensive. So much that there’s a huge labour shortage in the country.
When you see the bigger picture, the industry creates almost $9 billion worth of produce. Out of which, more than $2 billion worth of fresh and processed fruit, vegetables, nuts and nursery products were exported.
Moreover, this creates jobs for more than 60,000 people every year. As a result, it mostly helps people living in rural and regional areas.
According to reports, the major categories of horticulture produce in 2014 were:
- Fruit and nuts: $3187 million
- Vegetables: $3510 million
- Nursery, cut flowers and cultivated turf: $1247 million
What’s more, the major individual commodities were:
Besides its economic value, Australia practices horticulture in a sustainable way. While also maintaining a high quality of standard.
In fact, Australian farmers need to regularly adopt new technologies to meet the rising demands. What’s more, they must compete with imported produce to match market prices and seasonal conditions.
From the reports, the top areas where horticulture is practised in Australia are:
- Goulburn Valley of Victoria
- Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area of New South Wales
- Sunraysia district of Victoria and New South Wales
- Riverland region of South Australia
- North Tasmania
- Southwest Western Australia and
- The coastal strip of both Northern New South Wales and Queensland
Primarily, the Horticulture industry in Ireland focuses on food and amenity produce. Unlike Australia or Canada, Ireland usually supplies the domestic market instead of exporting.
The major crops include potato, mushroom, fruits, vegetables, foliage, bulbs, nursery plants and bulbs.
Here are some of the key facts about Ireland’s Horticulture industry:
- The industry has a farmgate value of over €400m
- Ireland has over 200 commercial field vegetable producers
- And over 100 nursery stock producers
- Their local retail market for fresh produce accounts to over €1.2 billion
- Fruits and Vegetables account for almost 90% of the retail market
- And Potato is the most popular crop
- Whereas, Strawberries account for over 90% of the berry production
In a nutshell, Ireland’s own retail market is the most vital market for fresh produce.
According to reports, here are some of the facts on New Zealand’s Horticulture industry:
- The industry is valued at over $9.5 billion as of 2019
- Out of which, Horticulture exports account for over $6.2 billion
- Exports to Asia account for 42% of total exports valued at $2.6 billion
- Fresh fruit exports account for $3.4 billion
- New Zealand exports to 130 countries around the world
- The top markets for export are Europe, USA, Australia, Japan and China
The most popular horticulture produce for export are:
- In 2019, more than half a million tonnes of Kiwifruit valued at $2.3 billion were exported
- Whereas, Apples are the second largest fruit export accounting for over $800 million
- New Zealand wine is supplied to over 100 countries and earns more than $1.8 billion
- Onion and Potato are the most popular vegetables and made over $300 million
In general, Potatoes are a favourite among locals. Kiwi consumers spend the most on them out of all vegetables. Potatoes, usually in processed form are a popular export for the Australian market.
What’s more, New Zealand wine is famous in the US, UK, Canada and Australia. More than 80% of the wine is exported to these countries.
Innovation in production technology and new varieties has taken the industry in New Zealand to the next level. Along with eco-friendly, sustainable practices and efficient logistics.
Mostly, India’s Horticulture sector focuses on fruits, vegetables, floriculture and spices. The industry has created employment for the areas where Horticulture is practised. As a result, the economy has seen a huge boost.
Besides the economic benefits, it also improves land productivity and give nutritional security to their citizens.
Moreover, India’s diverse climate allows the growth of a wide range of horticulture crops.
India is the top producer of Millet, Mango, Banana, Lemon and Chilli all over the world. On the other hand, it ranks first for vegetable produce like Chickpea, Pulses, Ginger, Dry Beans and Okra.
In a nutshell, here are some of the facts about India’s horticulture industry:
- India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables worldwide
- Production of fruits and vegetables has overcome that of food grains
- The industry output contributes more than 33% towards overall Agriculture
- Over the last decade, annual production increased by 4.8% and area grew by 2.6% each year
- 311.7 million tonnes of Horticulture crops were grown in an area of 25.4 million hectares
- Fruit production increased from 50 million tonnes to 97 million tonnes over the last decade
- Whereas, vegetable production increased from 101 million tonnes to 184 million tonnes
An interesting fact is that horticulture crops outpaced other crops 6 years ago. Ever since, the industry has seen huge growth. In fact, businesses are barely able to meet the local demands.
Thanks to innovation and technology, horticulture crops can be grown almost anywhere. This article gives a brief idea of the areas where horticulture is practised. Through reports, we can see that Horticulture helps improve the economy of a country.
Some of the areas where horticulture is practised intensively are:
- New Zealand
I hope you enjoyed this article. Do you practise horticulture too? Which crops do you grow? Let me know in the comments below.
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If you love gardening and want to get started with Horticulture, I recommend you read this article.
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